Ergonomics is often not very well defined. Therefore our purpose is very simple : to bring light on daily ergonomics, basic principles at work as well as common sense. Ergonomics helps us to understand better our interactions with our surroundings, everywhere and in every activities. It is meant for everyone, without exceptions. Maybe are we in good health and wish to keep it that way. Or maybe are we having bad posture habits or suffer from various pathologies seeking for adapted products. Ergonomics helps us to better understand our body and urges us to respect it.
WHAT IS ERGONOMICS ? - (Definition : Association of Canadian Ergonomists)
Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with interactions among humans and other elements of a system (e.g. tools, equipment, products, tasks, organization, technology, and environment). The profession applies theory, principles, data, methods and analysis to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance.
THE MOST COMMON PATHOLOGIES
* Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI) : waking up at night with itches in hands, not being able to use a screwdriver anymore, having difficulty in brushing our hair, feeling frequent dullnesses … These pains can be the sign of a repetitive strain injury. RSI are annoying, painful and sometimes invalidating, at work and even doing daily errands.
* Chronic pains can have repercussions felt on a psychological, social and economic levels even with the family.
* Stress and anxiety, often leading to depression.
* Static and binding postures
When we speak about static or binding postures, it is important to take into account :
* Bio-mechanical factors : the "repetitiveness" of gestures and excessive efforts
* Psychosocial factors
PREVENTION AND SOLUTIONS AT WORK AND HOME
RSI and other engendered disorders are not a fate. It is possible to prevent their appearances with an ergonomic approach.
It is essential to know well the characteristics of the potential user.
* The environment
Numerous aspects of the environment must also be taken into account:
There is no single recommended posture when we sit down. Here are some general recommendations:
Association of Canadian Ergonomist,
Ontario Ministry of Labour,
Institut National de Santé Public du Québec,
Institut National de Recherche Scientifique (France).
*The content of this page is only provided as information and reference. It is not to be considered as professional or legal advices in any way.